After the French Revolution and its bloodbath, everything that remember the excesses of Versailles was erased by the international elite. And not only in relation to the inordinate splendours or emerging freedoms that were beginning to win, but also everything related to fashion. And the shoes were not going to be an exception.
Fashion and women’s footwear in the nineteenth century
It will go even that trend to simplicity culminating with styling Empire, although at the end of the century, a setback in terms of comfort is made. Women’s shoes, as we see, to give just one example, in models that looks Josephine, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, in the many paintings that have come to us, they become extremely simple. Nothing remains of heels, refinement, sumptuous fabrics, buckles or frivolities with jewels.
Moreover, the simple people and takes forever (until well into the twentieth century) comfortable, rustic and cheap sandals as street attire and even to dress the feet of men and women the holidays.
Male shoes nineteenth century
While the lower classes to esparteñas SUVs are targeted, in central Europe, soldiers in campaign boots are made of leather. They are sober models, executed in polished leather, without any concession to ornament and for the sole purpose of protecting the leg from weather and shock.
For social events or weekdays, a low shoe is used with a tongue in black and made of leather. No frills or buckles that could recall the extravagant models of the previous era.
Footwear for women as it enters the twentieth century
In the early twentieth century, it takes place a revolution in women’s clothing. Skirts are shortened to previously undreamed measures revealing footwear. This view is favored by fashion an opening and greater female freedom. Paul Poiret, shines over the years with light. He eliminated corsets, whales and crush on the female figure wearing clothing with wide and floaty dresses.
In this line, the shoes were presented with a small heel tied to the ankle, closed and very feminine embellishments such as rhinestones and upholstery fabrics. The shoemaker revolution in the twentieth century ended with Salvatore Ferragamo, the first contemporary designer and one of the big hits.
Mens shoes starting in the twentieth century
Of this time male models we know and use today are. Oxford shoes linked to the British bourgeoisie and the intelligentsia of the time appear. With them are born all associated models such as the Derby or low boots cane. Although fashion moccasins much later, the first models dress in Europe are given for these years.
The beginnings of sports shoes
At the turn of the nineteenth century to the twentieth another revolution occurs: the start of the exclusive shoe for each activity. During these decades, much of the European aristocracy discovered the benefits of outdoor exercise and thus all clothing associated with sports.
Specific brands such as Lacoste are created and begins investigated new materials and forms that will result in the contemporary footwear. In its early models were little operative sneakers, but they were designed with these practical purposes. In the early twentieth century were already on the market some brands like Converse or Karhu, today present in the windows and objects of desire for fashionistas half the world.
Other innovations, such as stiletto shoe would be much later, in the fifties, with proposals Roger Vivier for Christian Dior. From this date the study of foot anotomía, comfort and innovation will be constant.